[Adcanced Science]Biodegradable Nanoprobe for NIR-II Fluorescence Image-Guided Surgery and Enhanced Breast Cancer Radiotherapy Efficacy
Abstract: Positive resection margin frequently exists in breast-conserving treatment (BCT) of early-stage breast cancer, and insufficient therapeutic efficacy is common during radiotherapy (RT) in advanced breast cancer patients. Moreover, a multimodal nanotherapy platform is urgently required for precision cancer medicine. Therefore, a biodegradable cyclic RGD pentapeptide/hollow virus-like gadolinium (Gd)-based indocyanine green (R&HV-Gd@ICG) nanoprobe is developed to improve fluorescence image-guided surgery and breast cancer RT efficacy. R&HV-Gd exhibits remarkably improved aqueous stability, tumor retention, and target specificity of ICG, and achieves outstanding magnetic resonance/second near-infrared (NIR-II) window multimodal imaging in vivo. The nanoprobe-based NIR-II fluorescence image guidance facilitates complete tumor resection, improves the overall mouse survival rate, and effectively discriminates between benign and malignant breast tissues in spontaneous breast cancer transgenic mice (area under the curve = 0.978; 95% confidence interval: 0.952, 1.0). Moreover, introducing the nanoprobe to tumors generated more reactive oxygen species under X-ray irradiation, improved RT sensitivity, and reduced mouse tumor progression. Notably, the nanoprobe is biodegradable in vivo and exhibits accelerated bodily clearance, which is expected to reduce the potential long-term inorganic nanoparticle toxicity. Overall, the nanoprobe provides a basis for developing precision breast cancer treatment strategies.