Direct In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Evidence of Oxygen Reduction Reaction Intermediates at High-Index Pt(hkl) Surfaces
Authors: Jin-Chao Dong, Min Su, Valentín Briega-Martos, Lang Li, Jia-Bo Le, PetarRadjenovic,Xiao-Shun Zhou, Juan Miguel Feliu*, Zhong-Qun Tian,Jian-Feng Li*
The study of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at high-index Pt(hkl) single crystal surfaces has received considerable interest due to their well-ordered, typical atomic structures and superior catalytic activities. However, it is difficult to obtain direct spectral evidence of ORR intermediates during reaction processes, especially at high-index Pt(hkl) surfaces. Herein, in situ Raman spectroscopy has been employed to investigate ORR processes at high-index Pt(hkl) surfaces containing the [011̅] crystal zone—i.e., Pt(211) and Pt(311). Through control and isotope substitution experiments, in situ spectroscopic evidence of OH and OOH intermediates at Pt(211) and Pt(311) surfaces was successfully obtained. After detailed analysis based on the Raman spectra and theoretical simulation, it was deduced that the difference in adsorption of OOH at high-index surfaces has a significant effect on the ORR activity. This research illuminates and deepens the understanding of the ORR mechanism on high-index Pt(hkl) surfaces and provides theoretical guidance for the rational design of high activity ORR catalysts.