DOTA-Branched Organic Frameworks as Giant and Potent Metal Chelators
Authors: Chengjie Sun, Hongyu Lin, Xuanqing Gong, Zhaoxuan Yang, Yan Mo, Xiaoyuan Chen, Jinhao Gao*
Multinuclear complexes as metallo-agents for clinical use have caught extensive attention. In this paper, using 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) as both a functioning unit and a constructing junction, we build a series of DOTA-branched organic frameworks with multiple chelating holes by organizing DOTA layer by layer. These giant chelators are well characterized, which reveals their nanosized and soft structures. Further experiments demonstrate that they could efficiently hold abundant metal ions with much higher kinetic stabilities than the conventional small DOTA chelator. Their corresponding polynuclear complexes containing Gd3+, Tb3+, or both show superior imaging properties, excellent feasibility for peripheral modification, and unusual kinetic stability. This work can be easily extended to the fabrication of diverse homomultinuclear complexes and core/shell heteromultinuclear complexes with multifunctional properties. We expect that this new type of giant molecules and the ligand-branching strategy would open up a new avenue for the design and construction of next-generation polymetallic agents with high performance and stabilities for biomedical applications.